Gwadar is a district along the sea in south
of the Makran. The coastline of Gwadar District is about 600
Kilometers long. Gwadar was notified as a District in July,
1977 with its headquarter at Gwadar Town. Previously it used
to be a part of Makran District.
Gwadar district is located from 25`-01` to 25`-45` North
latitudes and from 61`-37` to 65`-15` east longitudes. It
is bounded on the North by Kech and Awaran District. On the
East by Lasbela District, on the south by the Arabia Sea and
on the West by Iran. Total area of the district is 12,637
square kilometers. The district comprises of Gwadar and Pasni
Physical Features / Topography
The coastline of Gwadar District extends in an east-west
direction and it is almost entirely desert.
The elevation of Makran coast range is upto about 1000 meters
above the sea level.
In Gwadar District, soil is of two types: alluvial soil
and lithosols and rigosols. The valley of Dasht river in the
western part of the district and the Kulanch valley in the
north consist of alluvial soil. The mountainous area of the
district is covered with lithosols and rigosols. Limestone,
shale and sandstone are the main rocks involved in the formation
of this area.
Rivers and Streams
The important rivers and streams in the district include
Shadi Kaur, Swar and Dasth river with its tributaries Nilag
The climate of Gwadar, elevated at 0-300 meters above sea
level, is drying arid hot. It is placed in “warm summer
and mild winter” temperature region. The oceanic influence
keeps the temperature lower than that in the interior in summer
and higher in winter. The uniformity of temperature is a unique
characteristic of the coastal region in Balochistan.